The four-part agreement between the United States and the Taliban has forced the United States to withdraw most of its troops from Afghanistan, which it is doing. In exchange, the Taliban assured that Afghanistan would no longer be used as a base for attacks against the United States and its allies. It also agreed to cooperate with the Afghan government. The agreement made public contains no provisions for the Taliban to reduce attacks on Afghan government forces and the annexes to the agreement that describes the implementation of the agreement are classified. However, a spokesman for the U.S. military command in Afghanistan referred to a fifth de facto provision in a recent statement (Military Times, May 6, 2020): in a statement On Wednesday, Pakistan`s Foreign Ministry welcomed the agreement and said it was a „new and important step forward.“ The second path to a failure of an agreement involves a situation in which internal peace talks begin, but either negotiations are suspended or the implementation of an interim agreement faces serious problems. One way to do this would be to prevent negotiating teams from agreeing on issues such as political power-sharing agreements (including national, provincial or regional), the Afghan constitution, the role of religion, women`s rights, persistent violence, the return of prisoners and upcoming elections. The February 2020 agreement between the United States and the Taliban did not address these issues in a serious way and potentially poses enormous challenges. There are a number of assumptions that the agreement makes that are problematic. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not part of the negotiations or signed the final agreement. Although U.S. Ambassador Zalmay Khaililzad tried to keep Afghan President Ashraf Ghani informed and kept on board, the Afghan government was increasingly concerned and upset that they had been excluded from discussions about his own country`s future. The fact that the Afghan government or its representatives were not allowed to participate in the negotiations was due to the insistence of the Taliban, who said that the current government in Afghanistan was not a legitimate government, but a puppet of the United States.
Whether this is true or not can be debated, but the Taliban have imposed themselves on this issue. The Taliban`s intransigence has contributed to the rise in violence. According to the United States, the Taliban intensified its attacks on Afghan forces after the February 2020 agreement.