Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) in 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. No. 151 and following) to establish the right of workers to collective bargaining and other group activities. The NLRA also created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), a federal authority empowered to enforce the right to collective bargaining (No. 153). The NLRA has been amended several times since 1935, including 1947, 1959 and 1974. Freedom of association and collective bargaining provide opportunities for constructive dialogue, not confrontation, which uses energy to focus on solutions that bring benefits to the company, its stakeholders and society as a whole. In the chapter on industrial relations, the ILO-MNE statement clarifies the importance of negotiations between representatives of the company`s management and workers` representatives on the regulation of wages and conditions of employment through collective agreements: „Workers employed in multinational enterprises should have the right to have organizations representative of their choice recognized for collective bargaining purposes. , in accordance with national laws and debates.“  Collective agreements are generally valid for two years, sometimes three and sometimes one. Before the contract expires, the union and employer will enter into negotiations for a renewal contract. Workers` representatives should be provided with the information necessary for meaningful negotiations, including those that enable them to obtain the reality of the company`s performance.  Answer: Collective bargaining must be voluntary, free and in good faith.
The parties are free to negotiate and there should be no interference by the authorities in their decisions to do so. The principle of good faith implies that the parties do everything in their power to reach an agreement, conduct genuine and constructive negotiations, avoid unwarranted delays in negotiations, respect agreements reached and implemented in good faith, and allow sufficient time to discuss and resolve collective disputes. In the case of multinational companies, these companies should not threaten to relocate all or part of an operational unit of the country concerned in order to unduly influence the negotiations. Answer: Collective bargaining can take place at the enterprise, sector or industry level, as well as at the national or central level. It is up to the parties themselves to decide at what level they want to negotiate. According to the ILO`s Freedom of Association Committee, the definition of the level of negotiation is essentially within the jurisdiction of the parties. The labour and employment legislation adopted by the Finnish parliament lays the foundations for collective agreements. As minimum wages are not set by Finnish labour and employment legislation, workers` wages are based on collective agreements negotiated by trade unions. In accordance with the provisions of the collective agreement: severance pay to public officials from 28 June 2012 as described above, the VER system is a special condition that individuals can no longer be solicited for a period of two years from their departure date in a public service [in accordance with the emergency financial measures provided in the Public Interest Acts 2009 – 2011 and the Public Services Act (single regime and other provisions) 2012 in framework of this system.