The Inter-creditor Agreement, or ICA, which is a direct result of the sashakt resolution plan or the government`s report on bad bank, drawn up by the Sunil Mehta committee and which will work as follows: a credit agreement for senior debt consists of sensitive issues such as interest charges, costs and compensations that favour the principal lender over junior lenders. It is also common for a primary lender to be able to modify them without the consent of a junior lender. Therefore, a junior lender should negotiate a cap on the amount of priority debt and ensure that there is a clause preventing the priority lender from changing the terms of the priority loan. As a general rule, each party should be informed of the critical elements of the agreement for each act signed by two or more parties. It is therefore necessary for a junior lender to reach a clear ground before the transaction begins and identify fundamental questions: a junior lender should apply for exemption from a certain class of collateral that a priority lender has not included in its asset base. Once it has been agreed that there will be a personal guarantee from the borrower`s client or a guarantee to the junior lender, the junior lender should ensure that the agreed rights are properly reflected in the interbank agreement and do not stop. The junior lender should consider meeting the contractual terms for the project in the event of a delay in payment from the borrower. In the event of such a situation, the junior lender should be aware that there are usually only two options: either to inject funds into the project, to remedy financial defaults under the senior lender, or to pay the priority lender. This last point is often almost impossible in cases where the priority lender has provided very large financing.
Junior lenders should be careful when evaluating an intercredit file before participating. One way to achieve this goal is to negotiate a fair edge and develop achievable plans. However, if efforts to set such conditions are unsuccessful, it is advisable that the junior lender waive the agreement or seek other options.