The Agreement Over How States Would Be Represented In Congress Was Known As The

On May 25, the meeting appeared at the Philadelphia Statehouse. George Washington was elected presidential officer. Delegates quickly decided that their discussions should not be made public and that „nothing that is said in the house is printed or published or communicated in any other way.“ Because of the rule of secrecy, the public didn`t know much about what was going on at the Philadelphia Statehouse. And without the careful notes of James Madison, who attended each session and carefully transcribed the procedure, we would now know little about how the Constitution was drafted. Pinckney Plan: The Pinckney Plan proposed bicameral legislation consisting of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. The house would have one member for a thousand inhabitants. The House of Representatives would elect senators who would serve in turn for four years and represent one of the four regions. Congress would meet in a joint meeting to elect a president and also appoint cabinet members. Congress would serve as an appeals court of last resort in interstate litigation at a joint meeting. As he awaited the official start of Congress, Madison outlined the Virginia plan in consultation with members of the Virginia and Pennsylvania delegations who shared his vision of a strong national government.

[8] While Madison received the main honor for the development of the plan, it was Edmund Randolph, then governor of Virginia, who formally presented it to Congress on May 29, 1787. [9] In his introduction, Randolph focused on the Alliance`s problems. Referring to the Shays Rebellion in Massachusetts, he warned of „anarchy due to government negligence.“ [10] The resolution of these problems must be based on the „republican principle.“ [11] What ultimately appeared in the Constitution was a modified form of the plan, not least because the larger states did not like it. In committee, Benjamin Franklin changed Sherman`s proposal to make it more acceptable to larger states. He added that the receipt bills come from the house. Several plans were presented at the Constitutional Convention. Topics included the composition of the Senate, the definition of „proportional representation,“ the question of whether the executive would be composed of one or three persons, the mandate of the president and the electoral method, punishable offences, a refugee slavery clause, the abolition of the slave trade and the election of judges by the legislative or executive branch. On May 29, 1787, Edmund Randolph of the Virginia delegation proposed the creation of bicameral legislation. According to his proposal, membership of the two houses would be allocated to each state in proportion to its population; However, candidates for the House of Commons would be appointed and elected by the citizens of each state. Candidates for the House of Lords would be appointed by the national parliaments of each state and then elected by members of the House of Commons.

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